Source: The Cooper Institute
Shin splints is a generalized term for pain on the anterior (front), medial edge of the tibia (shin bone) and account for approximately 6 – 16% of all running injuries (Thacker et al., 2002). However, this condition is not exclusive to runners. Shin splints are also common in dancers, military recruits, activities requiring bursts of speed or sudden stops, individuals who have increased exercise duration/frequency/intensity, and those exercising on uneven surfaces. Other risk factors contributing to the development of shin splints include: poor flexibility in the calf muscles, weakness of the tibialis anterior (muscle located on the front of the tibia), overpronation, flat feet, and perhaps most importantly shoes that lack adequate cushioning.
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